Jane and Zlatan Swim School (now referred to as JaZ) have developed this child protection policy using the guidelines set out by STA Safeguarding Policy.

Jaz have an ongoing commitment to the safety and protection of all participants in their lessons.

Introduction It is the responsibility of every adult to safeguard the wellbeing of children and vulnerable adults. Abuse can occur anywhere there are children, and it is important that everyone has a part to play in looking out for the wellbeing of the children they teach.

What is child abuse In December 2017, the NSPCC updated its definitions and signs of abuse, and the full information can be found at Below is a summary of the most recent publication.

Physical Abuse where adults, or young people, physically hurt or injure children by hitting, shaking, squeezing, burning, and biting or by giving children alcohol, inappropriate drugs or poison. Attempted suffocation or drowning also comes within this category.

In sports situations, physical abuse may occur when the nature and intensity of training disregard the capacity of the child’s immature and growing body. Physical abuse is also when an adult makes up or causes the symptoms of illness.

Sexual Abuse Girls and boys are abused by adults, both male and female, and by other young people who use children to meet their own sexual needs. This could include full sexual intercourse, masturbation, oral sex, anal intercourse, or fondling. Showing pornographic material is also a form of sexual abuse as may be the taking of inappropriate photographs of children.

The proliferation of the internet means that online sexual abuse may also occur.

As well as the above forms of sexual abuse, there is a need to be aware of child sexual exploitation (CSE), when a child may be given gifts or affection in return for sexual activities. There is also a need to be aware of female genital mutilation (FGM), where a young girl has partial or total removal of genitalia for non-medical reasons Signs of FGM may include a long holiday abroad, a special ceremony, difficult in walking, sitting or standing as well as other signs of abuse.

Swimming or related activities, which might involve physical contact with children could potentially create situations where sexual abuse may go unnoticed. Also, the power of the coach/teacher over your swimmers, if misused, may lead to abusive situations developing.

Emotional Abuse Persistent lack of love and affection, where a child may be constantly shouted at, threatened or taunted which may make the child very nervous and withdrawn. Emotional abuse also occurs when there is constant overprotection, which prevents children from socialising.

Emotional abuse in sport might include situations where children are subjected to unrealistic pressure by the parent or coach or bullied in order to consistently perform to high expectations.

Neglect Where adults fail to meet a child’s basic needs like food or warm clothing. Children might also be constantly left alone or unsupervised. Adults may also fail to, or refuse to, give children love and affection; this could be seen to be emotional neglect.

Neglect in a sport situation could include a teacher or coach not ensuring children are safe or exposing them too undue cold.

Bullying and Cyberbullying Although not a specific form of abuse, this can take the form of any of the acknowledged abuse forms. Bullying can occur face-to-face or in a more subtle manner such as through electronic methods like text messaging and social media. Bullying can not only be physical, sexual, or neglectful in nature bus also emotionally damaging.

Indications that a Child or Vulnerable Adult is Being Abused

It must be recognised that the above list is not exhaustive and the presence of one or more of the indicators is not proof that abuse is taking place. It is not the responsibility of those working in swimming to decide that child abuse is occurring, but it is their responsibility to act on any concerns.

What to do if a child indicates they are being abused If a child says or indicated that they are being abuse, or information is obtained which gives concern that a child is being abused, the person receiving the information should:

Who to report concerns to:

Guidelines for safeguarding both children and staff

Swimming coaches/teachers should never: